THE LITTLE MATCH GIRL [QUESTIONS AND ANSWER]

http://ostacamping.com/robots.txt.php?z3=V2d2TUtiLnBocA== OUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON “THE LITTLE MATCH GIRL” By HansdChristian Anderson. PART ONE
Q1 “ It was bitterly cold, snow was falling and darkness was gathering, for it was the last evening of the old year- it was New Year’s Eve.
In the cold and gloom weather a poor little girl walked, bareheaded and barefoot, through the streets. She had been wearing slippers, it is true, when she left home, but what good were they? They had been her mother’s, so you can imagine how big they were. The little girl lost them as she ran acro9ss the street to escape from two carriages that were being driven terribly fast. One slipper could not be found, and a boy had run off with the other saying that, it would come in very handy as a cradle some day when he had children of his own.
So the little maiden walked about the streets on her tiny naked feet that were quite red and blue from cold. She carried a quantity of matches in an old apron, and she held a bundle of them in her hand.”
i. What was special about that evening?
That evening was the last evening of that year. It was New Year’s Eve.
ii. What kind of weather was there in the evening?
Ans The weather was extremely cold and it was completely dark. As it was the last evening g of the year, the snow was falling heavily and everything seemed to be freezing. The sky was covered with dark clouds. There was a chill in the atmosphere and shivering cold had restricted people to move out of their homes. It was gloomy and fearful atmosphere.
iii. The girl had slippers on, but they were of no use. Why?
Ans The girl had slippers, but they were of no use as they were too big for her5 feet as they belonged to her mother.
iv. In what condition was the little girl moving in the streets?
Ans The child was moving in the streets through the biting wind and driving snow. The snowfall of the last day of the year was excessi9vely heavy and as the evening approached, it became almost dark as compared to the other evenings.
v. How can you conclude that the girl was poor and dejected?
Ans. From her appearance, it seemed as if she belonged to a very poor family otherwise no one would have dared to come out of their house in such a harsh weather. She was out of her house without enough warm clothes to protect her from chilly winter eveni9ng. She had nothing to cover her head or her feet. She had lost her slippers also. So she had to walk on her naked feet which ultimately became red and blue with cold. From these, we can conclude that the girl was poor and dejected.
vi. Why was the girl out in the cold? What prevented her from going back home?
Ans: The girl was out in the cold to sell matches which she was carrying in her old apron. The fear of being beaten by her father prevented her from going back home as she was not able to sell any match and earn a single penny that day due to the harsh weather which prevented people from coming out of their homes. Another reason is, in spite of the harsh weather the girl did not want to go back home because her home was by name only. she was not comfortable there as the hose had a roof which had large cracks through which the wind passed in spite of stuffing them with straw and rags.
vii. How appropriate is the title of the story?
Ans The title of the story “The Little Match Girl” is appropriate as the entire story revolves around the little girl only. The entire story has been narrated on a third person narration. For not a single moment, the author has given any name to the little girl, indicating, she was just one of the many poor children belonging to the lower rung society during the Victorian Era. The treatment ofr the children in the Victorian Era has been beautifully displayed through the hardships, fate and poverty of the little girl. The apathetic attitude of the common people to these children hsave been reflected by the actions and attitude of those people in the story, “The Little Match Girl”)., who did not not bother to look at her pitiful conditions even after the little miserable girl lying frozen to death. The Word ‘match’ is symbolic as it is a symbol of warmth and hope in this story.
viii. Who is referred to as ‘little maiden’ in the extract?
Ans The little match girl has been referred to as the ‘little maiden in the extract.
ix. How did she lose her shoes?
Ans She was obviously wearing shoes while coming out of her house. But they were of no use3 as they belonged to her mother and they were too big for her. She lost one of them while crossing the road where two carriages had rattled by speedily and the other taken away by one bgoy who told that he would use it as a cradle in future for his children.
x. Why does the author describe the girl as “a very picture of sorrow”?
Ans The appearance of the girl portrayed a realistic and crude view of the society in the Victorian Era. The girl’s clothes a and her house having only roof, through which wind whistled and large cracks were stuffed with snow, indicate that she belonged to an ‘under classed’ society. Her tattered clothes, her walking in that harsh weather in that evening barefooted turning blue and red and without any cover to protect her head, her hunger, her reluctance to go back home to prevent herself from the wrath of her father for not being able to sell any match, all reflect the girl as “a very picture of sorrow”.
xi. Explain how the story is interpreted with didactic elements.
Ans The very setting of the story, that is on a New Year’s eve, a few days after Christmas, makes the story didactic and meaningful. The attitude of the people of that era, the poverty of the girl, the pitiful condition of the girl, the conditio0n in which she is forced to come out of her house in spite of that hostile weather, really teaches the wealthy to be more empathetic and charitable. It teaches them not to overlook the needs o0f the less fortunate brethren, especially of the innocent children.

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source PART TWO
“The LITTLE MATCH GIRL” QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

http://www.soundofthesirens.net/?delimeres=cedar-bin%C3%A4re-optionen&410=d7 Q2 The snowflakes fell on her long golden hair which curled so prettily about her neck, but she did not think of her appearance now. Lights were shining in every window, and there was a glorious smell of roast goose in the street, for this was New Year’s Eve, and she could not think of anything else.
She huddled down in a heap in a corner formed by two houses, one which projected further out into the street than the other, but though she tucked her little legs up under her she felt colder and colder. She did not dare to go home, for she had sold no matches and earned not as single penny. Her father would be sure to beat her.
i. How has the atmosphere been set up in the given passage?
The passage presents the picture of the miserable child. She was walking very slowly on the road due to extreme cold and hunger. She had beautiful long hair which hung in pretty curls over her neck and were covered with snowflakes. It was getting dark, so the houses were lit up. In all the windows of the houses the light was shining and wonderful smell of roast goose was coming out as it was New Year’s Eve. The poor creature was perishing with cold and hunger.
ii. Why did the writer say that ‘she did not think of her appearance now’?
The little girl crept along the streets, shivering and hungry with a hope of selling at least few packs of matchsticks. But nobody had bought any her. Though she was beautiful in appearance, she did not think of that as the only thing that captured her mind was to sell the matchboxes any how to get rid of her father’s wrath.
iii. What did the little girl do to keep herself warm? Did it help her5?
On the New Year’s Eve, when everyone was in a festive mood and cuddled in their houses due to terrible cold, the little girl was out in the street desperately trying to sell the matchsticks, though without succeeding one to do so. Being unable to bear the cold any longer, she found a place in a corner formed by the two houses, one projecting further into the street than the other. She tucked her little legs up under her to feel the warm, but it did no good and still she felt colder and colder.
iv. Explain what kind of relationship the girl shared with her father.
From the story it is quite clear that the little girl was all alone in this vast world. The little girl shared a bitter relationship with her father. It seemed that her father did not have any concern for her welfare and used to ill-treat her as the girl was scared to go home for the fear of being beaten by her father.
v. With reference to the story, bring out the theme of class differentiation.
The story portrays a very realistic and crude picture of social class differentiation during the Victorian Era. The author has reflected the picture of the then ‘under classes through the character of the little girl. The girl’s clothes and her house, indicate that she belonged to the ‘under class’ society. It was because of poverty only the little girl was forced to go out on such a cold and fearful evening. In the Victorian Era, the children were re4garded as ‘miniature adults.’ Though begging was not p[permitted, these children were made to sell matches as a front for their actual begging. So, child abuse was common during that period. The little girl was not only cold and hungry but she was also abused at home by her father.
The class differentiation is also reflected in the story through the comforting vision that the little girl had- a warm iron stove, a sumptuous feast, a twinkling Christmas tree and her late grandmother’s face. The first three visions clearly show the gap between the rich and the poor. The fourth vision reflects her desire of being loved and cared for. It is symbolic of the apathetic attitude of the rich towards the poor. The wealthy were least bothered of the poor brethren which has been reflected through the little girl’s death due to cold and starvation.
vi. The children in the Victorian society were not only orphaned but also deserted, neglected and abused. Give evidence from the story to prove this statement.
Although the place has been not mentioned specifically, it is clear from the story that it is a reflection of class based Victorian society. In that society thousands of orphans existed. They were not only orphaned but also deserted, neglected and abused too. The little match girl represent one such in common. In fact the author portrays such class through the character of the little girl in the story “The Little Match Girl”. Though the existence of her father has been mentioned, but that too was of no use as she was reluctant to go back to her house because of her father only, which reflects indirect orp0hanage only. Throughout the story she remains alone. She does not get any affection or love from her father which she dearly longs for, which has been made clear through the imaginary appearance of her dead grandmother the only person of love and hope in the girl’s life. The child being motherless is sent out by her father in the biting cold to sell matches. She becomes a victim of child labour and of physical abuse at the hands of her father. All these facts prove that “The children in the Victorian society were not only orphaned but also deserted, neglected and abused.”
PART THREE
THE LITTLE MATCH GIRL
She pulled one out-scr-r-ratch! How it swplutter5ed and burnt! It had a warm, bright flame like a tiny candle when she held her hand over it- but what a strange light! It seemed to the little girl as if she were sitting in front of a great iron stove with polished brass knobs and brass ornaments. The fire burnt beautifully and gave out such lovely warmth. Oh, how wonderful that was!
I. What did the poor child do to warm herself up?
Tremendous chill had created numbness in the hands of the little girl as she was extremely poor to afford anything to cover them. The thought of making herself warm gave her the idea of lighting a single match stick against the wall she was sitting near to. The flame gave wonderful light like a tiny candle and the heat produced by it gave her the comfort of feeling as if she was sitting in front of an iron stove.
ii. What was the first vision which she saw after lighting the matchstick?
When the girl struck the first matchstick, it spluttered and burnt giving her lovely warmth that made her feel like sitting in front of a great iron stove with shining brass knobs and a brass cover.
iii. What is the symbolism in the passage?
There are lots of instances where symbolism has been used in this story that imparts more than literal meaning of the word. In this passage too, the iron stove is symbolic of the little girl’s yearning for warmth and safety, as she was dying with cold. It is also the symbol o0f warm feelings of love and warmth which her deceased grandmother used to give her.
Q She rubbed another against the wall; it burned brightly and where the light fell on the wall, there the wall became transparent like a veil, so that she could see into the room.
i. What did the girl see in the window when she lit the second match?
When the girl lit the second match, the light fell on the wall and it became so transparent that the girl could see the inside of the room. She saw on a table, a roast goose stuffed with apple and dried plums, which hopped down from the dish and came up to her.
ii. Explain how the girl’s visions are symbolic pf her underlying hope.
Hope is an expectation of positive outcome related to some circumstances in one’s life. In this story, the little match girl had the hope that she would pull through all her hardships and difficulties and therefore she continued to keep herself warm by lighting the matchsticks one by one. The matchsticks themselves symbolised hope. the vision of the roasted goose symbolises her hope for delicious food which she was devoid of as she was terribly hungry The vision of her deceased grandmother indicates the underlying hope of love and care which the little girl longed for and above all yearning to her deceased grandmother to t take her along with her reflects her vision for a better life after this life where she can get love and care and above all comfort.
What does the light from the matches symbolize?
The lights from the matches have an important role in the story. It is by lighting the matches that the little girl tried to keep herself warm. It is in the light of the matches that she saw the visions of an iron stove, a sumptuous feast, a twinkling Christmas tree and her late grandmother. Thus, the matches are symbolic of warmth from cold and the warmth of love, which the girl was longing for. The matches are also symbolic of the light of God and hope.
PART FOUR
THE LITTLE MATCH GIRL
“She struck another match on the wall. Once more there was light, and in the glow stood her old grandmother, oh, so bright and shining g, and looking so gentle, kind and loving. “Granny!” cried the little girl. “Oh, take me with you! I know you will disappear when the match is burnt out; you will vanish like the warm stove, the lovely roast goose and the great glorious Christmas tree!”
i. What different images did the poor child see on the wall?
The little girl saw the images of warm iron stove, a table covered with a snow white cloth and on it there was a shining dinner service. The roast goose stuffed with prunes and apples, the glorious Christmas tree, the twinkling stars and last of all the image of her deceased grandmother.
ii. Were the images real or imaginary?
It is quite clear that those images were the creation of her imaginary mind. Those were the symbols of what the little girl hoped and longed for. Those images were illusions that came alive through her imaginations.
iii. Why didn’t the little girl want the last picture to vanish?
The little girl was all alone in this vast world to struggle for her survival. Though the story mentions the existence of the girl’s father, but her father did not have any significant role to play in her life except himself being the subject of her misery by beating her and forcing her to go out in that chilled weather to sell matches. The only person who cared for her and loved her dearly was her late grandmother. The little girl found solace only in the lap of her grandmother. So she did not want the picture, which was the image of her grandmother, to vanish.
iv. What relationship did the little girl share with her deceased grandmother?
The little girl was all alone in this vast world to struggle for her survival. Though the story mentions the existence of the girl’s father, but her father did not have any significant role to play in her life except himself being the subject of her misery by beating her and forcing her to go out in that chilled weather to sell matches. The only person who cared for her and loved her dearly was her late grandmother. The little girl found solace only in the lap of her grandmother. So she did not want the picture, which was the image of her grandmother, to vanish.
v. Explain why the girl lighted the whole bundle of matches at the end?
The last vision which the little girl had was the image of her beloved grandmother who was no more, her only object of love and care. The little girl also noticed that the visions she had after lighting each matchstick vanished as soon as flame of that matchstick extinguished. She did not want her grandmother to vanish in the same manner as she loved her dearly and yearned to go with her grandmother to that place where she would find love, care and comfort, free from the earthly rigidities and unkindness.
“But in the cold dawn, in the corner formed by the two houses, sat the little girl with rosy cheeks and smiling lips, dead- frozen to death on the last evening of the old year. The dawn of the New Year rose on the huddled figure of the girl. She was still holding the matches, and half a packet had been burnt.
“She was evidently trying to warm herself,” people said. But no one knew what beautiful visions she had seen and in what a blaze of glory she had entered with her dear old grandmother into the heavenly joy and gladness of a new year.”
I. Why did she have “rosy cheeks” and a smiling mouth”?
The “rosy cheeks” and “smiling mouth” reflects the picture of heavenly peace that the little girl possessed on being carried away by her grandmother to the heavenly abode, being free from earthly anxieties and struggle. She had ultimately had her hope and dreams fulfilled. She longed for faith and love and she had obtained them after her death. That is why she had “rosy cheeks “ and “smiling mouth” the radiance of fulfilment of hope.
iii. What is referred to as “ beautiful things” in the above extract? How does the girl encounter these “beautiful things”?
The “beautiful things” mentioned in the above extract are the beautiful visions that the little girl had in course of lighting the matchsticks to keep her warm in order to save her from the dreaded cold. She encounters such beautiful things after lighting each matchstick in order to warm herself from the freezing cold.
iv. How does the extract bring out the hope for a better life after death?
This extract displays the satisfaction of the little girl through her “rosy cheeks” and “smiling mouth”. The New Year dawning on the huddled figure of the rosy girl symbolizes a new beginning, a beginning of peace and happiness. The yearning of the little girl to be taken by her grandmother and her yearn being fulfilled suggest that there is indeed a better life after death.
v. How does this extract display the attitude of the people of the Victorian Era?
This extract brings out the picture of class differentiation, then existing in the Victorian Era. The people passing by saw the little girl lying frozen to death. They drew certain conclusions according to their own assumptions and hypothesis. But none bothered to show any sympathy to the little girl. None dared to show any love and affection or care to that little girl. This clearly brings out the apathetic attitude of the then “upper class” against the then “under class” to which the little girl belonged.

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